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kidshealth library

health & safety topics

Your child's health and safety is our top priority. Please search our resource library for information on health, nutrition, fitness, injury prevention and other important topics.

Surgical Conditions

Cochlear Implants

Cochlear implants can help many kids with severe hearing loss. Find out how they work and who can get them.

Congestive Heart Failure

Heart failure is when the heart can’t pump blood the way it should. Congestive heart failure (CHF) is when blood backs up in the heart.

Ear Tube Surgery

Many kids get middle ear infections (otitis media). Doctors may suggest ear tube surgery for those with multiple infections or a hearing loss or speech delay.

Epigastric Hernias

An epigastric hernia is when part of the intestines pushes through the abdominal muscles between the belly button and the chest. Many are small, cause no symptoms, and don't need treatment.

Gastroesophageal Reflux

When symptoms of heartburn or acid indigestion happen a lot, it could be gastroesophageal reflux (GER). And it can be a problem for kids - even newborns.

Halo-Gravity Traction

Halo-gravity traction is a way to pull the head and spine upward. Doctors use it to treat curvature of the spine and to prepare kids for spinal fusion surgery.


Hernias are fairly common in kids, and hernia repair is one of the most common pediatric surgeries.

Inguinal Hernias

An inguinal hernia happens when part of the intestines pushes through an opening in the lower part of the abdomen. Doctors fix these hernias with surgery.


Intussusception is the most common cause of bowel blockages in very young children. Quick treatment can help them recover without lasting problems.

Levo-Transposition of the Great Arteries

Levo-transposition of the great arteries (L-TGA) is when the positions of the heart's ventricles are reversed. Some people with the condition never need treatment. Others are treated with medicines and surgery.