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speech/language pathology disorders

A speech disorder refers to a problem with the actual production of sounds, whereas a language disorder refers to a difficulty understanding or putting words together to communicate ideas. Speech/language pathologists also treat other disorders such as voice, fluency and feeding/swallowing.

speech disorders

The following is a description of disorders treated related to speech:

  • Articulation disorders: difficulties producing sounds in syllables or saying words incorrectly to the point that listeners can't understand what's being said.
  • Fluency disorders: problems such as stuttering, in which the flow of speech is interrupted by abnormal stoppages, repetitions (st-st-stuttering), or prolonging sounds and syllables (ssssstuttering).
  • Resonance or voice disorders: problems with the pitch, volume, or quality of the voice that distract listeners from what's being said. These types of disorders may also cause pain or discomfort for a child when speaking.
  • Dysphagia/oral feeding disorders: these include difficulties with drooling, eating, and swallowing.

language disorders

Language disorders can be either receptive or expressive:

  • Receptive disorders: difficulties understanding or processing language.
  • Expressive disorders: difficulty putting words together, limited vocabulary, or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way.

causes of speech and language disorders

Sometimes speech and language disorders are a result of:

  • Acquired brain injury
  • Autism spectrum disorders/ pervasive developmental delay
  • Cleft palate/craniofacial anomalies
  • Cochlear implant/ hearing disorders
  • Congenital anomalies

Our speech and language pathologists will evaluate your child to determine if they have a speech or language disorder and will recommend treatment options if necessary. Learn more about our evaluation and treatment techniques.

contact us request an appointment

The speech therapy department welcomes phone calls to 937- 641-3070 during our normal business hours of 7:00 am to 5:00 pm.

A physician referral is necessary prior to the child’s first outpatient visit. All follow up appointments will be made during your clinic visit or by calling central scheduling at 937-641-4000.