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kidshealth library

health & safety topics

Your child's health and safety is our top priority. Please search our resource library for information on health, nutrition, fitness, injury prevention and other important topics.

Bones & Muscles

Chest Wall Disorder: Poland Syndrome

Poland syndrome is a condition where a child is born with missing or underdeveloped chest muscles.

CLOVES Syndrome

CLOVES syndrome is a very rare genetic disorder that causes vascular, skin, spinal, and bone or joint abnormalities.


Clubfoot is a birth defect that makes one or both of a baby's feet point down and turn in. Most clubfeet can be successfully corrected using the nonsurgical Ponseti method.

Clubfoot (Topic Center)

Clubfoot is when a baby is born with feet that point down and turn in. The condition usually can be fixed without surgery. Here's what parents should know.

Clubfoot: Moving the Legs in a Ponseti Brace (Video)

After clubfoot is corrected in the casting phase, it must be maintained in the bracing phase for up to 5 years. While your baby wore casts, he or she could move the legs independently. But because both feet are in the brace, the legs can only move together.

Comminuted Fractures

A comminuted fracture is a type of broken bone. The bone is broken into more than two pieces.

Common Childhood Orthopedic Conditions

Flatfeet, toe walking, pigeon toes, bowlegs, and knock-knees. Lots of kids have these common orthopedic conditions, but are they medical problems that can and should be corrected?

Compression Fracture of the Spine

A compression fracture of the spine is when the vertebrae (bones that form the spine) collapses. People with weakened bones can get them from a minor fall or with no trauma at all.

Congenital Kyphosis

Kyphosis is a rounding of the back that some children are born with. It makes the back look hunched over.

Congenital Scoliosis

Congenital scoliosis is when the bones in a baby’s spine don’t form normally before birth. The baby may be born with a curved spine or develop one later.