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kidshealth library

health & safety topics

Your child's health and safety is our top priority. Please search our resource library for information on health, nutrition, fitness, injury prevention and other important topics.

Ears, Nose, Throat/Speech & Hearing

A to Z: Bullous Myringitis

Learn about bullous myringitis, an infection of the tympanic membrane (eardrum).

Adenoids and Adenoidectomy

Enlarged adenoids are normal some kids, but others need surgery. Often, tonsils and adenoids are removed at the same time.


Anotia is when a baby’s ear doesn’t form normally, so the baby is born with the outer part of their ear missing.

Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) Test

An auditory brainstem response (ABR) test is a safe and painless test that gives health care providers information about possible hearing loss.

Auditory Processing Disorder

Kids with APD can't understand what they hear in the same way other kids do. That's because their ears and brain don't fully coordinate. But early diagnosis and a variety of strategies can help them.

Aural Atresia

Aural atresia is a condition that happens before birth in which a baby’s ear canal doesn’t form. It causes hearing loss, but treatments can help most children hear better.

Balance Disorders

Most kids stumble and fall from time to time, but a child who often loses their balance might have a balance disorder.


A cholesteatoma is a growth behind the eardrum that can damage the bones of the middle ear. Treating it can help prevent hearing loss.

Chronic Hoarseness

Misuse of the vocal cords — caused by such things as repetitive screaming, yelling, or using the voice in an unnatural way — can lead to chronic hoarseness. Learn how to get the voice back into perfect pitch.

Cleft Lip

A cleft lip is when a baby's lip doesn't form properly during pregnancy. Most kids can have surgery to repair one early in life.