speech/language pathology disorders
A speech disorder refers to a problem with the actual production of sounds, whereas a language disorder refers to a difficulty understanding or putting words together to communicate ideas. Speech/language pathologists also treat other disorders such as voice, fluency and feeding/swallowing.
The following is a description of disorders treated related to speech:
- Articulation disorders: difficulties producing sounds in syllables or saying words incorrectly to the point that listeners can't understand what's being said.
- Fluency disorders: problems such as stuttering, in which the flow of speech is interrupted by abnormal stoppages, repetitions (st-st-stuttering), or prolonging sounds and syllables (ssssstuttering).
- Resonance or voice disorders: problems with the pitch, volume, or quality of the voice that distract listeners from what's being said. These types of disorders may also cause pain or discomfort for a child when speaking.
- Dysphagia/oral feeding disorders: these include difficulties with drooling, eating, and swallowing.
Language disorders can be either receptive or expressive:
- Receptive disorders: difficulties understanding or processing language.
- Expressive disorders: difficulty putting words together, limited vocabulary, or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way.
causes of speech and language disorders
Sometimes speech and language disorders are a result of:
- Acquired brain injury
- Autism spectrum disorders/ pervasive developmental delay
- Cleft palate/craniofacial anomalies
- Cochlear implant/ hearing disorders
- Congenital anomalies
Our speech and language pathologists will evaluate your child to determine if they have a speech or language disorder and will recommend treatment options if necessary. Learn more about our evaluation and treatment techniques.