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what is treacher collins?

Treacher Collins syndrome is a health condition that mostly affects the cheek bones, jaw, chin and ears. Symptoms include:

  • Downward-slanting eyes
  • A very small jaw and chin
  • Hearing loss
  • Loss of eyesight

how rare is treacher collins?

Treacher Collins is very rare. There are less than 20,000 US cases per year.

how long can a person live with treacher collins syndrome?

If Treacher Collins is well taken care of, a person can live as long as a person without Treacher Collins. It really depends on the symptoms and severity in the affected person.

are kids born with treacher collins?

Yes, it’s something that a child is born with and it is passed down from a family member. Treacher Collins syndrome is believed to be caused by a change in the gene on chromosome 5. A chromosome is a strand of DNA inside a cell that carries genes and units of heredity. Chromosome 5 affects facial development. About 40 percent of the time, one parent has Treacher Collins Syndrome.

how do I know if my child will be born with treacher collins?

If you are known to be at risk for Treacher Collins, testing is done while pregnant. While this test may tell you if your baby will have Treacher Collins or not, it cannot tell you the specific features or severity in a baby. After birth, an exam may be all that is needed to tell if a child has Treacher Collins. Further testing will help find out the severity. 

how do you treat treacher collins?

Treatment is focused on correcting facial structure and airway, and can involve plastic surgery, ENT, orthodontics and dental care. Choosing the right health care system to support your family is a hard choice. Learn more about what Dayton Children's can offer your family.


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Christopher Gordon, MD, FACS, FAAP, Division Chief

plastic surgery
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Jessica Whitlock, CNP

plastic surgery
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Salim Mancho, DO, FACS

plastic surgery
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