Lab Test : HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Antibody

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Alternate:AIDS; Acquired Immunodeficiency Virus Antibody, HIV type 1, HIV type 2
Includes:An enzyme immunoassay that detects the presence of IgG antibody to HIV.
Department:Virology
Phone:(937) 641-3907
SQ Code:HIV
Available:Test batched and performed twice per week depending on volume
Turnaround:1-7 days
Specimen:Blood
Volume:1.0 mL blood

Minimum requirement - 50 ul of serum
Container:Red top tube
Temperature:Room temperature
Rejection:Gross hemolysis or gross lipemia.
Normal:Negative.
Uses:Aids in the diagnosis of HIV virus types 1 and 2
Limitations:Reactive specimens MUST be retested in duplicate and if still reactive, should be confirmed by qualitative PCR for HIV, Western blot or other specific antigen test. A negative test does not necessarily rule out infection with HIV. An HIV consent form should be obtained on all patients. Referral physicians should keep the consent form for their own records. Hospitalized and clinic patients should have a copy of their consent form sent to the laboratory.
Method:Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA)
 

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