An asthma action plan (or management plan) is a written plan that you develop with your child's doctor to help control your child's asthma.
The goal of an asthma action plan is to reduce or prevent flare-ups and emergency department visits through day-to-day management. Having a written step-by-step plan in place provides clear instructions so you and your child can:
- avoid triggers
- identify early symptoms of a flare-up and treat them to prevent the flare-up from getting worse
- know how to manage a full-blown flare-up
- know when to seek emergency care
Experts recommend using a written plan as part of asthma treatment. Following a written asthma action plan can help your child do normal everyday activities without having asthma symptoms.
Action Plans Are Unique
Each person's experience with asthma is different, so each action plan will be, too. A key part of any action plan will detail what needs to be done during a flare-up. For students, this may include permission for them to take quick-relief medicine (also called rescue or fast-acting medicine) at school. The action plan also should clearly state when to seek emergency care.
The Zone System
Although they can be organized in a number of ways, many action plans use the "zone system," which is based on the red, yellow, and green colors of a traffic light. This is the same color system used on peak flow meters. Action plans use symptoms, peak flow readings, or both to help you determine the zone your child is in:
- The green zone, or safety zone, explains how to manage asthma on a daily basis, when a child is feeling good.
- The yellow zone, or caution zone, explains how to look for signs that asthma is getting worse. It also instructs you on which medicines to add to bring your child's asthma back under control.
- The red zone, or danger zone, explains what to do when a flare-up is severe.
The color system makes it easy for kids and parents to quickly figure out which instructions apply to a child's peak flow meter reading. Your child's "personal best" peak flow reading is an important measurement to include on the plan so that you'll have something to compare the new numbers to.
Asthma action plans may also include:
- emergency phone numbers and locations of emergency care facilities
- a list of triggers and how to avoid them
- steps your child should take before exercising
- a list of early flare-up symptoms to watch for and what to do when they happen
- the names and dosages of all your child's medicines and when and how they should be used
It's important to have all of this information in one place so that you (as well as your child's teachers, relatives, and caregivers) can respond as needed, even in stressful situations.
Putting the Plan to Good Use
Your child's action plan will be most effective if you make yourself familiar with it before your child has a flare-up. Follow the advice in it to avoid flare-ups.
Your child should be familiar with the plan, too, and older kids should know which steps they can take themselves and when they should get help.
The action plan should go everywhere your child goes. Keep a copy at home in a well-known spot and give one to the school nurse, teachers, and anyone else who cares for your child. Offer to discuss the plan so they'll be comfortable following it.
Also, revise the plan whenever dosages for your child's medicines change. Review the plan with your doctor at least every 6 months, or more often if symptoms happen more than they used to.
The plan also might need to be updated if your child doesn't seem to need quick-relief medicines as often. Any time the action plan is changed, give new copies to anyone who has one.
Reviewed by: Elana Pearl Ben-Joseph, MD
Date reviewed: January 2014
|National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) conducts and supports basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and ultimately prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases.|
|American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology offers up-to-date information and a find-an-allergist search tool.|
|American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology The ACAAI is an organization of allergists-immunologists and health professionals dedicated to quality patient care. Contact them at: American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology|
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|American Lung Association The mission of this group is to prevent lung disease and promote lung health. Contact the group at: American Lung Association|
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|Allergy and Asthma Network/Mothers of Asthmatics (AAN-MA) Through education, advocacy, community outreach, and research, AAN-MA hopes to eliminate suffering and fatalities due to asthma and allergies. AAN-MA offers news, drug recall information, tips, and more for treating allergies and asthma. Call: (800) 878-4403|
|What's the Difference Between Quick-Relief and Long-Term Control Medicines? Asthma medicine comes in two main types: quick-relief and long-term control medicines. Even if a child takes a long-term control medicine regularly, quick-relief medicine is still needed to handle flare-ups.|
|Handling an Asthma Flare-Up Because they can be life threatening, asthma flare-ups can and should be treated at their earliest stages. So it's important to recognize their early warning signs.|
|What's a Peak Flow Meter? An inexpensive, portable device called a peak flow meter measures lung function in kids with asthma, which can help them manage the condition and avoid major flare-ups.|
|Asthma and Teens The teen years can be rough for kids, and they can be even rougher for teens with asthma. These tips can make parenting a teen with asthma a bit easier.|
|Asthma Center Asthma keeps more kids home from school than any other chronic illness. Learn how to help your child manage the condition, stay healthy, and stay in school.|
|Managing Asthma Asthma control can take a little time and energy to master, but it's worth the effort. Learn more about ways to manage your child's asthma.|
|Asthma Basics With the right asthma management plan, families can learn to control symptoms and asthma flare-ups more independently, allowing kids to do just about anything they want.|
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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