What's an NP?
A nurse practitioner is a registered nurse (RN) who has additional education and training in a specialty area such as family practice or pediatrics. Pediatric and family practice NPs can provide regular health care for kids.
Nurse practitioners (also referred to as advanced practice nurses, or APNs) have a master's degree in nursing (MS or MSN) and board certification in their specialty. For example, a pediatric NP has advanced education, skills, and training in caring for infants, children, and teens.
Licensed as nurse practitioners and registered nurses, NPs follow the rules and regulations of the Nurse Practice Act of the state where they work. If accredited through the national board exam, the NP will have an additional credential such as Certified Pediatric Nurse Practitioner (CPNP) or Certified Family Nurse Practitioner (CFNP).
An NP who specializes in pediatrics can:
- document health history and perform a physical exam
- plan a child's care with parents and the child's health care team
- perform some tests and procedures
- answer questions about health problems
- treat common childhood illnesses
- assist with management of chronic illnesses
- change the plan of care with a child's doctor as needed
- teach families about the effects of illness on a child's growth and development
- teach kids about self-care and healthy lifestyle choices
- write prescriptions
- order medical tests
- teach other health care members and local groups about children's health care
- provide referrals to community groups
NPs and Doctors
Most NPs maintain close working relationships with doctors and consult them as needed. NPs are licensed in all 50 states and can dispense most medications. Some states require a doctor to co-sign prescriptions. In a few states, NPs can practice and prescribe without physician supervision.
Although doctors have additional training to help patients deal with complex medical problems, many people feel that NPs spend more time with their patients. Experts who study NPs report that their training emphasizes disease prevention, reduction of health risks, and thorough patient education.
Like doctors, NPs are involved in more than just direct patient care. Many participate in education, research, and legislative activities to improve the quality of health care in the United States.
Should My Kids See a Nurse Practitioner?
Pediatric NPs can deliver much of the health care that kids require, consulting doctors and specialists as necessary. Educating kids and their families about normal growth and childhood development issues (e.g., toilet training, temper tantrums, biting) is a big part of the pediatric NP's role.
Pediatric and family practice NPs can treat acute (or short-term) illnesses such as upper respiratory infections, ear infections, rashes, and urinary tract infections. They can also assist with management of chronic illnesses such as asthma, allergies, diabetes, and many others.
If your child has severe health problems that require advanced training or highly specialized medical care, you may need to seek the care of a doctor. If you're unsure about your child's specific illness and want to know if an NP can help, ask your doctor. The scope of an NP's practice depends upon your state's regulations.
If you want to verify an NP's credentials, check with the American College of Nurse Practitioners (ACNP). It's also a good idea to ask NPs about their specific qualifications, education, and training, just as you would interview a prospective doctor for your child.
Also be sure to check with your health insurance provider to ensure that services provided by NPs are covered through your policy.
How Can I Find an NP?
You can find pediatric NPs through the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners (NAPNAP) and through local hospitals or nursing schools. In addition, many doctors share office space with NPs to provide all types of primary care. Other doctors work with NPs to offer them training in different types of health care. Your doctor might already have such an arrangement in place, so just ask.
|American Academy of Nurse Practitioners The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners promotes the high standards of health care delivered by nurse practitioners.|
|American College of Nurse Practitioners (ACNP) Founded in 1993, the ACNP is a national nonprofit membership organization headquartered in Washington, DC. The ACNP is focused on advocacy and keeping NPs current on legislative, regulatory, and clinical practice issues that affect NPs.|
|National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates and Practitioners (NAPNAP) NAPNAP advocates for children and provides leadership for pediatric nurse practitioners who deliver primary care in a variety of settings.|
|What's an Osteopath? You might be surprised to learn that not all physicians have the letters MD after their names. Some have the letters DO (doctor of osteopathy).|
|How to Talk to Your Child's Doctor Building a relationship with your child's doctor requires communication and reasonable expectations.|
|Preparing Your Child for Visits to the Doctor When kids anticipate "going to the doctor," many become worried and apprehensive about the visit. Here's how to help them.|
|Finding a Doctor for Your New Baby Along with considering baby names and?buying a crib, choosing the right health care provider should be on your to-do list when you're expecting.|
|Who's Who in the Hospital Parents are likely to be stressed when a child is hospitalized, and questions about the people providing medical care and what roles they play can add to the confusion. Our guide can help.|
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
© 1995-2012 The Nemours Foundation/KidsHealth. All rights reserved.