A to Z: Contusion (Bruise), Eye

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A to Z: Contusion (Bruise), Eye

May also be called: Bruise; Black Eye

A contusion (kun-TOO-zhun) of the eye is an injury to the skin and underlying tissue of the eye. Most people call this injury a black eye.

More to Know

A contusion, or bruise, forms when soft tissue in the body is crushed but the skin doesn't break. When this happens, blood from broken capillaries (small blood vessels) near the skin's surface may leak out under the skin. With no place to go, the blood gets trapped, often forming a red or purplish mark that hurts when you touch it.

As a contusion heals, it may turn different colors, from red and purple to black and blue and then to green, yellow, and light brown before fading away.

Keep in Mind

Eye injuries should be evaluated by your doctor. Applying a cold compress to the injured eye may help minimize swelling and bruising. Seek medical attention if a contusion doesn't heal or continues to be painful.

All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.

Related Resources

OrganizationAmerican Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) The AAP is committed to the health and well-being of infants, adolescents, and young adults. The website offers news articles and tips on health for families.
OrganizationAmerican College of Sports Medicine This site has tips on staying safe while playing sports and exercising.
OrganizationAmerican Academy of Family Physicians This site, operated by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), provides information on family physicians and health care, a directory of family physicians, and resources on health conditions.
Web SiteEyeCare America EyeCare America is a public service foundation of the American Academy of Ophthalmology that works to raise awareness about eye disease and care, provide free eye health educational materials, and facilitate access to medical eye care.

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Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.

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