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Diagnosing Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes can develop quickly, taking patients and parents by surprise. It occurs when the body’s immune system destroys cells in the pancreas that produce the hormone called insulin.

Insulin is essential in helping the body convert sugar (called glucose)into energy. After a person eats, the digestive system breaks down carbohydrates to create glucose. Insulin moves glucose into the body’s cells. Without it, glucose builds up in the blood instead. This can lead to dehydration, weight loss and a life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA. DKA occurs when the body starts breaking down fat cells in a desperate attempt to get energy.

Most of the time, children are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes after a parent, caregiver or teacher notices symptoms such as excessive thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, nausea and vomiting, and fatigue. Doctors can confirm a diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes using a urine test and/or blood test.

There is no cure for this disease. But children with Type 1 diabetes can live full and active lives with the help of intensive insulin therapy, which involves administering shots or using an insulin pump to deliver insulin several times a day.

Adjusting to Type 1 diabetes can be challenging, but our caring team can help you and your child be successful.

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Type 1 Diabetes Care



A physician referral is necessary prior to the child’s first outpatient visit. All follow up appointments will be made during your clinic visit or by calling central scheduling.


Make a referral

Phone: 937-641-4000
Fax referral forms: 937-641-4500, 24 hours
Toll-free fax: 1-866-891-6941
Hours: 7:30 am to 6:00 pm, Monday through Friday

Download our fax referral form or make a referral online.

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Endocrinology and Diabetes


The Children's Medical Center of Dayton Dayton Children's
The Right Care for the Right Reasons

One Children's Plaza - Dayton, Ohio - 45404-1815