Topic: Infant Health Care
This handout was written to answer some of the questions most often asked about colic. Feel free to ask your doctor or nurse to go over any information you do not understand.
WHAT IS COLIC?
Colic is a word used to describe a pattern of intense crying in a young infant. It usually starts at about two weeks of age and decreases at three to four months. This may happen often during the day or night but typically occurs in the evening. The reason for colic is not known. One idea is that it may be a normal neurodevelopmental process. All babies cry, usually an average of three hours a day at six weeks. Colic is in excess of that average.
THE BABY MAY:
• Act hungry and take the bottle, only to begin crying.
• Cry loud or long, turn red-faced, draw up legs and sometimes expel gas.
BE SURE THERE IS NO REASON FOR DISCOMFORT:
• The baby is fed, burped and has dry diaper.
• No fever or other signs of illness
• No weight loss or poor weight gain
• Room temperature not too hot or too cold (best at 68°F - 72°F).
No medicines should be given to your baby unless ordered by the doctor. Your doctor will decide if any specific changes need to be made in your child’s care or formula (this rarely has any effect on colic).
HOW SHOULD I CARE FOR MY BABY?
1. Give a warm bath.
2. Try to keep things calm. Avoid loud noises or bright lights.
3. Use a pacifier (but remember, too much use may lead to more air swallowing).
4. Use slow rhythmic motions such as patting, rocking, walking, wind-up swing, riding in a car seat.
5. Use rhythmic sounds such as vacuum cleaner, washer, TV or soft music.
6. Decrease the amount of air swallowed by holding your baby in an upright position during and after feeding and frequently burping your baby.
7. Help baby to pass gas by drawing knees up to tummy and gentle massaging of tummy.
Each baby is different and will respond in his or her own way. Parents may have to try several things, one at a time, to find what is helpful. Some crying will occur regardless of what is done. Colic is stressful to parents and family members. Do not forget to rest when baby rests or is quiet. You need your energy too. The information contained in this handout is for general information only and should not be considered complete. For specific information on colic, please ask your doctor or nurse practitioner.
Derechos de autor(c) de The Children's Medical Center, ano 1999. Este material unicamente tiene fines educativos. No puede ser reproducido, distribuido ni modificado sin previa autorizacion de The Children's Medical Center of Dayton, One Children's Plaza, Dayton, Ohio, 45404-1815. Llame al 937-641-3666 para solicitar autorizacion o para obtener un juego maestro para copias. Para obtener mas informacion puede visitar www.childrensdayton.org (consulte la seccion de informacion legal).
La informacion contenida en este material es unicamente informacion de tipo general. No debe considerarse como completa. Para obtener mas informacion acerca de los complementos para leche materna, por favor pidala a su doctor.
Corregido: 2000, 2004
The information contained in this handout is for general information only and should not be considered complete. For specific information about bathing your baby, please ask your doctor or nurse practitioner.
Additional information may be located in the Family Resource Center, 2nd floor, near the Outpatient Surgery Center. Hours of the center vary; please contact the Family Resource Center at 937-641-3700.
Copyright(c) The Children's Medical Center of Dayton. This material is for educational purposes only. It cannot be reproduced or distributed without permission from Dayton Children's.
Revised: 2000, 2004
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