Childr Health Information

Food-Medication Interactions CHI 1392

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Topic: Medications

This handout was written to answer some of the questions most often asked about foods and medications that interact with each other.  This handout also provides information on medications that can affect a child’s nutrition status.  Feel free to ask your child’s health care provider or dietitian to go over any information you do not understand.

Important things to remember:

  1.  NEVER stop taking medications unless instructed to do so by your health care provider.
  2. ALWAYS take medications as they are prescribed.

 

 

Medication Category

Common Medications in This Category

Food-Medication Interaction

Prevent Interaction By…

Antibiotics

Amoxicillin

Augmentin

Penicillin

Rocephin

May cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea; destroy “good” intestinal bacteria.

Taking prebiotics and probiotics, such as Acidophilus, which is commonly found in yogurt, may decrease loss of “good” bacteria. Some antibiotics must be taken with food or without food so be sure to read instructions.

Anticonvulsants (Anti-seizure medications)

Depakote, Tegretol, Trileptal

Decrease absorption and storage of some vitamins and minerals .

Eating a diet high in vitamins D, K, B6, B12, and Folate plus calcium. Talk to health care provider about taking a vitamin or mineral supplement.

Blood Thinners

Coumadin, Warfarin

Dosing of medicine affected by Vitamin K intake.

Eating a diet with consistent amount of vitamin K (found in spinach and leafy greens, such as collards).  Talk to your health care provider or dietitian prior to taking supplements such as fish oils or garlic pills.

Cardiac Medications (Diuretics)

Hydrochlorothiazide

May decrease absorption and storage of nutrients.  May cause nausea, vomiting, and/or diarrhea which can cause decreased appetite.

Eating a diet and drinking fluids high in potassium and magnesium.  Talk to your health care provider or dietitian about ways to help increase appetite.

Corticosteroids (for asthma, arthritis, gastrointestinal disease, heart disease, cancer, and others)

Cortisone, Hydrocortisone, Prednisone

May stunt growth if used long-term.  Can decrease calcium and phosphorus and cause bone loss.  May affect glucose levels.  May increase appetite and cause weight gain.

Eating a diet high in calcium and phosphorus.  Talk to your health care provider or dietitian about ways to help manage appetite and weight changes.

 

 

Medication Category

Common Medications in This Category

Food-Medication Interaction

Prevent Interaction By…

Laxatives

Colace, Dulcolax, Metamucil, Miralax

May decrease stores of Vitamins A, D, E, and K.

Eating a diet high in fiber and fluid to decrease need for medication.  Talk to your health care provider about vitamin A, D, E, and K supplements.

Mental Health and Neurologic Medications

Abilify

Depakote

Elavil

 

May cause increase in weight.

Eating a well-balanced diet.  Talk to your health care provider or dietitian about your child’s growth patterns regularly.

Stimulants (for ADHD)

Adderall

Dexedrine

Strattera (non-stimulant)

 

May decrease appetite and cause weight loss; may affect overall growth.

Having child eat before each medication dosage, if possible.  Talk to your health care provider or dietitian about your child’s growth patterns.

Sulfonamides

Bactrim, Septra

May cause vitamin C to crystallize in the bladder; inhibits protein synthesis; decreases folate and iron levels in the blood.

Eating a diet high in folate and avoiding large doses of Vitamin C (>1000 mg).

Tranquilizers

Ativan, Librium, Valium, Xanax

Increase appetite and may cause weight gain.

Eating a well-balanced diet.  Talk to your health care provider or dietitian about your child’s growth patterns regularly.

 

“Talk to your child’s health care provider before starting a vitamin or mineral supplement so he or she may help you identify supplements that best meets your child’s needs.”

 

For more information on food-medication interactions and ways to prevent interactions, please contact dietetics and nutrition at 937-641-3437 or the pharmacy at 937-641-3352.

This handout is for general information only and should not be considered complete. For specific information about food medication interactions, please ask your child’s health care provider.

Additional information and resources are available in the MeadWestvaco Family Resource Center at Dayton Children's.  The center is open Monday 9:00 am - 8:00 pm; Tuesday - Friday 9:00 am - 4:00 pm; Saturdays 9:00 am–2:00 pm. The center is closed on Sundays and holidays.  Please call 937-641-3700 for more information.

PDF: Food-Medication Interactions CHI 1392

Derechos de autor(c) de The Children's Medical Center, ano 1999. Este material unicamente tiene fines educativos. No puede ser reproducido, distribuido ni modificado sin previa autorizacion de The Children's Medical Center of Dayton, One Children's Plaza, Dayton, Ohio, 45404-1815. Llame al 937-641-3666 para solicitar autorizacion o para obtener un juego maestro para copias. Para obtener mas informacion puede visitar www.childrensdayton.org (consulte la seccion de informacion legal).

La informacion contenida en este material es unicamente informacion de tipo general. No debe considerarse como completa. Para obtener mas informacion acerca de los complementos para leche materna, por favor pidala a su doctor.
Preparado: March 2012

The information contained in this handout is for general information only and should not be considered complete. For specific information about bathing your baby, please ask your doctor or nurse practitioner.

Additional information may be located in the Family Resource Center, 2nd floor, near the Outpatient Surgery Center. Hours of the center vary; please contact the Family Resource Center at 937-641-3700.

Copyright(c) The Children's Medical Center of Dayton. This material is for educational purposes only. It cannot be reproduced or distributed without permission from Dayton Children's.
Formulated: March 2012

 

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