Topic: Diseases & Conditions
This handout was written to answer some of the questions most often asked about scabies. Feel free to ask your doctor or nurse to go over any information you do not understand.
WHAT IS SCABIES?
Scabies is a skin disease caused by a human mite. The human mite is 1/60 of an inch long and has eight legs. Scabies spreads by sharing infested clothing, towels, wash clothes, bedding and by direct, prolonged skin-to-skin contact. You cannot catch scabies from your cat or dog.
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS/SYMPTOMS OF SCABIES INFESTATION?
♦ Pimple-like irritations, burrows or rash of the skin, especially the webbing between the fingers; the skin folds on the wrist, elbow, knee, penis, breasts or shoulder blades.
♦ Intense itching, especially at night and over most of the body.
♦ Sores on the body caused by scratching. These sores can sometimes become infected with bacteria.
HOW IS SCABIES TREATED?
The following instructions will help you take care of a child with scabies:
1. A bath before application may not be necessary.
2. Your doctor has prescribed _____________________. Apply it from the head down to the toes (unless otherwise indicated by your doctor - infants and immunocompromised patients may also need to use the medicine on their face and scalp.) including skin folds and creases and under fingernails. Do not miss any skin areas. Keep medication out of mouth and eyes.
3. Leave the medication on for 8-14 hours. After leaving the medication on for the recommended time, thoroughly wash off the skin. Do not leave the medication on the skin longer than the recommended time.
4. One application is usually enough. Do not reapply the medication unless directed by your doctor.
5. An allergic rash to medication occurs rarely. Please notify your doctor if there is any question of an allergic reaction.
6. Itching may last for weeks to months after treatment for scabies mites. This is an allergic reaction to the mite and its body parts. Do not reapply the medication for this itching. Your doctor may recommend other medications for itching.
7. All clothes, bedding and towels used by the infested person two days before treatment should be washed in hot water and dried in a hot dryer.
8. If clothing or other contact items cannot be washed, they can be put aside (separated from any human contact for 96 hours (4 days). This will kill all the live mites.
9. Other people at your house or your child’s school may have scabies and need treatment. If they do, they need to be seen by their doctor. Treatment of close family members or others may prevent recurrence.
10. Your doctor may advise treating family members and close contacts at the same time as the patient in order to prevent reoccurrence.
Derechos de autor(c) de The Children's Medical Center, ano 1999. Este material unicamente tiene fines educativos. No puede ser reproducido, distribuido ni modificado sin previa autorizacion de The Children's Medical Center of Dayton, One Children's Plaza, Dayton, Ohio, 45404-1815. Llame al 937-641-3666 para solicitar autorizacion o para obtener un juego maestro para copias. Para obtener mas informacion puede visitar www.childrensdayton.org (consulte la seccion de informacion legal).
La informacion contenida en este material es unicamente informacion de tipo general. No debe considerarse como completa. Para obtener mas informacion acerca de los complementos para leche materna, por favor pidala a su doctor.
Corregido: 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003
The information contained in this handout is for general information only and should not be considered complete. For specific information about bathing your baby, please ask your doctor or nurse practitioner.
Additional information may be located in the Family Resource Center, 2nd floor, near the Outpatient Surgery Center. Hours of the center vary; please contact the Family Resource Center at 937-641-3700.
Copyright(c) The Children's Medical Center of Dayton. This material is for educational purposes only. It cannot be reproduced or distributed without permission from Dayton Children's.
Revised: 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003
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