Childr Health Information

Electroencephalogram (EEG)

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Topic: Tests & Procedures


This handout was written to answer some of the questions most often asked about having an EEG. Please feel free to ask the doctor, the nurse or the person running the test to explain any information you do not understand.

WHAT IS AN ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM (EEG)?
An EEG is a recording of the electrical activity of the brain. It provides important information about how the brain works.

HOW IS AN EEG DONE?
An EEG is a painless test. Twenty-eight small metal discs (electrodes) are attached to the patient’s scalp with a gel adhesive. The electrodes pick up the electrical activity of the brain and record it into a computer for the neurologist to review. During the test your child may also be asked to look at a blinking light or breathe fast and deep.

HOW DO I PREPARE MY CHILD FOR HIS OR HER EEG?
1. Sleep Deprivation:
• Sleep is allowed on newborns, infants and children up to two years of age. Family should prevent sleep for at least four hours prior to the test.
• Children ages two to five years old should go to bed one to two hours later than usual and be awakened one to two hours earlier than usual. Allow no nap prior to the test.
• Children over five years old may sleep from 11:00 pm until 5:00 am the night prior to the test. Allow no nap before the EEG. Children who are unable to cooperate may require modifications to these guidelines.
2. Wash your child’s hair thoroughly. The scalp must be clean and oil free. Do not use conditioners or hair spray.
3. Have your child eat a regular meal (or at least a snack) before the EEG unless asked not to. However, patients should avoid caffeine for 24 hours before the test.
4. If your child normally takes daily medication, be sure to give it to him or her unless asked not to.
5. It may be helpful to bring a bottle of formula, blanket or favorite snuggle friend. The goal is to help the child fall asleep naturally for the best test results. Please leave other children at home. The test lasts approximately one and one half hours and the testing room must be quiet.

HOW SHOULD I TAKE CARE OF MY CHILD AFTER AN EEG
The gel adhesive will be rinsed out of your child’s hair after the EEG. You can shampoo your child’s hair after you get home if there is some remaining. If your child receives sedation for the EEG, you will receive additional instruction sheets. Be sure you know what to do before you leave the hospital.

PDF: Child Health Information - ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM (EEG)

Derechos de autor(c) de The Children's Medical Center, ano 1999. Este material unicamente tiene fines educativos. No puede ser reproducido, distribuido ni modificado sin previa autorizacion de The Children's Medical Center of Dayton, One Children's Plaza, Dayton, Ohio, 45404-1815. Llame al 937-641-3666 para solicitar autorizacion o para obtener un juego maestro para copias. Para obtener mas informacion puede visitar www.childrensdayton.org (consulte la seccion de informacion legal).

La informacion contenida en este material es unicamente informacion de tipo general. No debe considerarse como completa. Para obtener mas informacion acerca de los complementos para leche materna, por favor pidala a su doctor.
Corregido: 1994, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004

The information contained in this handout is for general information only and should not be considered complete. For specific information about bathing your baby, please ask your doctor or nurse practitioner.

Additional information may be located in the Family Resource Center, 2nd floor, near the Outpatient Surgery Center. Hours of the center vary; please contact the Family Resource Center at 937-641-3700.

Copyright(c) The Children's Medical Center of Dayton. This material is for educational purposes only. It cannot be reproduced or distributed without permission from Dayton Children's.
Revised: 1994, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004

 

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