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Topic: Diseases & Conditions

This handout was written to answer some of the questions most often asked about pharyngitis (sore throat) or tonsillitis. Please feel free to ask your doctor or nurse if you have any questions.

Pharyngitis is a redness and swelling of the throat caused by either a viral germ or a bacteria called “Streptococcus” (strep). Strep is very common in school-age children, especially during spring and winter. A throat culture is the way strep throat is diagnosed. Only the bacterial strep germ needs antibiotic treatment.

1. A fever or chills
2. Red and swollen tonsils
3. A sore throat lasting more than two days
4. Pain with swallowing
5. Abdominal pain and headaches
6. Enlarged glands in the neck that are tender
7. A poor appetite and decreased activity
8. A red, sandpaper like rash; the rash is usually more intense in the skinfolds (under the arms, in the groin, on the buttocks); after the rash fades the skin may peel. IF YOU TOOK YOUR CHILD TO AN EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT, URGENT CARE OR CLINIC, THE DOCTOR MAY HAVE TAKEN A THROAT CULTURE You will be notified by phone within 48 hours if the throat culture is positive (if your child has “strep throat”. Please be sure they have your correct address and phone number as they will call your  pharmacy with a prescription for your child. (Please have your pharmacy’s phone number ready to give to them when they call you). If the doctor has given you a rescription for antibiotics to treat your child, it is very important to give the full 10-day course of medicine unless directed otherwise.

1. You should follow the doctor’s instructions so that the infection does not get worse.
2. Encourage your child to take plenty of liquids like: Popsicles®, freeze pops, Jello®, Gatorade®, Hi-C® or Hawaiian Punch® and water.
3. Give the antibiotic exactly as directed by the doctor.
• Give every dose of medicine the doctor has prescribed, even if your child begins to feel better.
• DO NOT give this (or any) medicine to anyone except the child it is ordered for, even if another person has symptoms like your child’s.
• With liquid medicine, shake the bottle well before pouring the dose your child needs.
• If you received a liquid medicine, keep it in the refrigerator unless directed otherwise.
4. Acetaminophen (Tylenol®, Panadol®, Tempra®, Liquiprin®) is given every four hours for fever (_____________teaspoons of Tylenol® liquid or _________ droppers full of Tylenol® drops or ____________ chewable tablets.
5. If your child appears to be getting worse, call your doctor.


Derechos de autor(c) de The Children's Medical Center, ano 1999. Este material unicamente tiene fines educativos. No puede ser reproducido, distribuido ni modificado sin previa autorizacion de The Children's Medical Center of Dayton, One Children's Plaza, Dayton, Ohio, 45404-1815. Llame al 937-641-3666 para solicitar autorizacion o para obtener un juego maestro para copias. Para obtener mas informacion puede visitar (consulte la seccion de informacion legal).

La informacion contenida en este material es unicamente informacion de tipo general. No debe considerarse como completa. Para obtener mas informacion acerca de los complementos para leche materna, por favor pidala a su doctor.
Corregido: 2000

The information contained in this handout is for general information only and should not be considered complete. For specific information about bathing your baby, please ask your doctor or nurse practitioner.

Additional information may be located in the Family Resource Center, 2nd floor, near the Outpatient Surgery Center. Hours of the center vary; please contact the Family Resource Center at 937-641-3700.

Copyright(c) The Children's Medical Center of Dayton. This material is for educational purposes only. It cannot be reproduced or distributed without permission from Dayton Children's.
Revised: 2000


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