Childr Health Information

INSTRUCTIONS FOR OBSERVING A PATIENT WHO HAS PNEUMONIA

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Topic: Diseases & Conditions

This handout was written to answer some of the questions most often asked about the home care for a child who has pneumonia. Feel free to ask your doctor or nurse to go over any instruction you do not understand.

WHAT SYMPTOMS WILL MY CHILD HAVE?
Most children will have fever, cough, decreased appetite, fast or hard breathing and may be sleepy and less active. Some children may have vomiting, chest pain, stomach pain, diarrhea or chills and may be irritable or fussy.

HOW SHOULD I CARE FOR MY CHILD AT HOME?
The following suggestions will make your child feel more comfortable:
1. Do not force your child to eat solid foods.
2. Give lots of clear liquids (juices, Kool-aid®, Jello®, water, flat soda pop, popsicles) so that your child does not become dehydrated (dry mouth, less tears, less urine).
3. Keep your child at home until the fever is gone and his or her appetitereturns.
4. Make sure your child gets plenty of rest.
5. Do not give your child cough medicines unless prescribed or recommended by a doctor. (It is important that he or she does cough because coughing brings up mucous from the lungs.) Most children will not spit out the mucous, but will swallow it into their stomachs. This is okay.
6. Older infants and children can often be treated at home. Children seem to do better in their own home.

GIVING MEDICATIONS AT HOME
Antibiotics help treat pneumonia caused by a bacteria. They do not help pneumonia caused by a virus. If your child has been given an antibiotic:
• Give the antibiotic exactly as directed by the doctor.
• Give _____ teaspoon/table/capsule _____ times a day. Give every dose. Even if your child begins to feel better. You may also need to wake your child at night to give his or her medication as ordered. Do not skip any doses or stop the medication before it is gone.
• Do not give this (or any) medicine to anyone except the child it is ordered for, even if another person has symptoms like your child.
• If you received a liquid medicine, keep it in the refrigerator unless directed otherwise.
• With liquid medicines, shake the bottle well before pouring the dose your child needs.
• Give acetaminophen (Tylenol®), every four hours for the fever (____ teaspoons or liquid or _____dropperfuls of drops or ______chewable tablets.) Follow up with your doctor in ____ days.

If your child continues to have distress (persistent fever, worsening cough, breathing harder, takes liquids poorly, sleeping too much) and treatments at home have not helped, you should contact your doctor. If you are unable to contact a doctor, take your child to the emergency department.

PDF: Child Health Information - PNEUMONIA

Derechos de autor(c) de The Children's Medical Center, ano 1999. Este material unicamente tiene fines educativos. No puede ser reproducido, distribuido ni modificado sin previa autorizacion de The Children's Medical Center of Dayton, One Children's Plaza, Dayton, Ohio, 45404-1815. Llame al 937-641-3666 para solicitar autorizacion o para obtener un juego maestro para copias. Para obtener mas informacion puede visitar www.childrensdayton.org (consulte la seccion de informacion legal).

La informacion contenida en este material es unicamente informacion de tipo general. No debe considerarse como completa. Para obtener mas informacion acerca de los complementos para leche materna, por favor pidala a su doctor.
Corregido: 1992, 1998, 2000

The information contained in this handout is for general information only and should not be considered complete. For specific information about bathing your baby, please ask your doctor or nurse practitioner.

Additional information may be located in the Family Resource Center, 2nd floor, near the Outpatient Surgery Center. Hours of the center vary; please contact the Family Resource Center at 937-641-3700.

Copyright(c) The Children's Medical Center of Dayton. This material is for educational purposes only. It cannot be reproduced or distributed without permission from Dayton Children's.
Revised: 1992, 1998, 2000

 

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