Childr Health Information

Caring for the child who has a burn

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Topic: Diseases & Conditions

This handout was written to answer some of the questions most often asked about burns. Feel free to ask your doctor or nurse to go over any information you do
not understand.

WAYS TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR CHILD’S BURN
1. Keeping your child clean is very important. Keep the burn covered with a dressing. The dressing will help to prevent the burn from getting infected. A fever may indicate an infection.
2. Check the burn with dressing changes. Watch for signs of infection such as fever, thick yellow or green drainage or a bad smell coming from the burn. Have your child move the area that is burned. For example, if your child’s fingers or toes are burned, have him or her wiggle them. This will help them heal in the right way.
3. A good diet is important to help the burn heal. Feed your child foods high in calories and proteins such as meat, cheese and milk. Offer lots of fluids like milkshakes and fruit juices.
4. Call your doctor immediately if:
- your child has a fever above 100° F for more than 24 hours
- your child’s burn smells bad or has a lot of yellow/green drainage
- your child complains of a lot of pain that does not get better by pain medication (examples: Tylenol®, Advil®) or your child cannot move the area that is burned
5. Be sure to take your child to his or her follow-up doctor’s appointment and call the doctor for any questions or concerns that you may have.

FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS FOR DRESSING CHANGES
1. You may need two adults to do the dressing change. Administer any pain medications ordered by the doctor or give Tylenol® in the appropriate amount for your child’s age. These medications should be given 30 minutes prior to the dressing change.
2. The first dressing change of the day should include a bath. First clean the bathtub with a liquid cleaner. Then wipe the tub out with Clorox®. Rinse the tub well. Pour ½ a cup of Dreft® into the tub, add about six inches of luke warm water. Be sure to test the water with your hand.
3. Before giving your child a bath, wash your hands well and arrange all the items you will need for the dressing on a table. (Remember: gauze, ointment, scissors, bandages, burn net, and tape, if needed)
4. Remove the dressing, then place your child in a clean tub and gently wash the burn with a clean washcloth. (Be sure to gently remove loose skin, if necessary.) Allow your child to soak about 15 minutes in the tub. Age appropriate distraction such as toys in the tub or videos will help keep your child occupied. Never leave your child unattended in a tub! Before getting him out of the tub, rinse the burn with plain water, then dry the child by using a clean towel with every bath. Pat the burned area dry, do not rub.

DRESSING INSTRUCTIONS
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Arrange to follow-up with Dr. _______________________ in ____ days.

AFTER THE BURN IS HEALED
1. Always provide moisture to the skin by using lotion on the healed burn. Gently rub lotion into the skin.
2. Never allow the burned area to be open to the sun without protection from a sunscreen during the first year.
3. Take your child to the doctor as needed.
4. Keep your child’s fingernails short to avoid injury from scratching.
Occasionally, after a burn, “keloids” develop. A keloid is a hard, raised scar. Should this happen, take your child to the doctor who treated the burn for evaluation and treatment if necessary.

PDF: Child Health Information - BURN CARE

Derechos de autor(c) de The Children's Medical Center, ano 1999. Este material unicamente tiene fines educativos. No puede ser reproducido, distribuido ni modificado sin previa autorizacion de The Children's Medical Center of Dayton, One Children's Plaza, Dayton, Ohio, 45404-1815. Llame al 937-641-3666 para solicitar autorizacion o para obtener un juego maestro para copias. Para obtener mas informacion puede visitar www.childrensdayton.org (consulte la seccion de informacion legal).

La informacion contenida en este material es unicamente informacion de tipo general. No debe considerarse como completa. Para obtener mas informacion acerca de los complementos para leche materna, por favor pidala a su doctor.
Corregido: 1994, 2000

The information contained in this handout is for general information only and should not be considered complete. For specific information about bathing your baby, please ask your doctor or nurse practitioner.

Additional information may be located in the Family Resource Center, 2nd floor, near the Outpatient Surgery Center. Hours of the center vary; please contact the Family Resource Center at 937-641-3700.

Copyright(c) The Children's Medical Center of Dayton. This material is for educational purposes only. It cannot be reproduced or distributed without permission from Dayton Children's.
Revised: 1994, 2000

 

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