Topic: General Child Health
This handout was written to answer some of the questions most often asked about fire safety. Feel free to ask your nurse or doctor to go over any information you do not understand.
WHAT AGE IS A GOOD AGE TO START LEARNING ABOUT FIRE SAFETY?
Preschoolers are at the perfect age to start learning about fire safety.
WHAT SHOULD I FOCUS ON WHEN TEACHING ABOUT FIRE SAFETY?
Matches and lighters:
♦ Teach children that matches and lighters are tools for adults only.
♦ Keep matches and lighters out of reach – preferably in a locked cabinet or drawer. Children as young as 18 months have been able to start a lighter by pushing it against a hard surface.
♦ Teach your children to bring lighters and matches they find to you or another adult.
Teaching Activity: Have your children find pictures in magazines of things that are safe to play with (balls, toys, bikes) and things that are for adults only (lighters, cigarettes, knives). Put all the pictures in a box, have the children pick them out one at a time and say whey they are safe or not.
Family fire drills:
Many young children die because they try to hide from fire. They are often found under beds, in closets or under tables. Tell your children they can’t hide from a fire, but they can escape.
♦ Work with your children to come up with a family fire escape plan. This should include two ways out of every room.
♦ Teach your children to crawl on their hands and knees to get low under smoke. Teach them how to shut doors behind them to slow the spread of fire and smoke.
♦ Practice the plan often as a family: be sure to include alternate escape routes.
♦ Help your children make exit signs for designated doors; if your children are trapped in a smoky room teach them to lay low and to shout their names to make it easier to find them.
♦ Make sure everyone knows where to meet outside – pick a neighbor’s house or a special place in your yard away from the house.
♦ Once outside, stay out.
Teaching Activity: Have your children act out different fire situations. For example: “Pretend you wake up and find smoke in your room”.
♦ Install and maintain smoke detectors – they can save your life!
♦ Replace batteries twice a year to make sure they are fresh. To help you remember, do it the same time you reset your clocks for the time changes in the spring and fall.
♦ Check the life expectancy of your smoke detector. In some cases, detectors need to be replaced every seven to 10 years.
♦ When your smoke detector has a false alarm (caused by cooking, smoking, steam or dust), try not to remove the battery. Instead, use a towel to fan the smoke, steam or dust away. If you must remove the battery, put it and the cover of the smoke detector on your pillow. This way you will remember to replace them before you go to bed.
If you or someone in your house smokes, remember:
♦ Never smoke in bed or when drowsy.
♦ Use large, deep ashtrays.
♦ Put water on butts before throwing them away.
♦ Before going to bed, check under and around sofa cushions for smoldering cigarettes.
PDF: FIRE SAFETY
Derechos de autor(c) de The Children's Medical Center, ano 1999. Este material unicamente tiene fines educativos. No puede ser reproducido, distribuido ni modificado sin previa autorizacion de The Children's Medical Center of Dayton, One Children's Plaza, Dayton, Ohio, 45404-1815. Llame al 937-641-3666 para solicitar autorizacion o para obtener un juego maestro para copias. Para obtener mas informacion puede visitar www.childrensdayton.org (consulte la seccion de informacion legal).
La informacion contenida en este material es unicamente informacion de tipo general. No debe considerarse como completa. Para obtener mas informacion acerca de los complementos para leche materna, por favor pidala a su doctor.
The information contained in this handout is for general information only and should not be considered complete. For specific information about bathing your baby, please ask your doctor or nurse practitioner.
Additional information may be located in the Family Resource Center, 2nd floor, near the Outpatient Surgery Center. Hours of the center vary; please contact the Family Resource Center at 937-641-3700.
Copyright(c) The Children's Medical Center of Dayton. This material is for educational purposes only. It cannot be reproduced or distributed without permission from Dayton Children's.
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