- Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries
ACL injuries - which are common in active and athletic kids - happen when excessive pressure is put on the knee joint, resulting in a torn ligament.
- Broken Bones
Although many kids will have one at some point, a broken bone can be scary for them and parents alike. To help make things a little easier if a spill results in a fracture, here's the lowdown on what to expect.
- Broken Bones, Sprains, and Strains
Broken bones and torn muscles, ligaments, and tendons happen. Find out what to do if your child experiences any breaks, strains, or sprains.
- Common Childhood Orthopedic Conditions
Flatfeet, toe walking, pigeon toes, bowlegs, and knock-knees. Lots of kids have these common orthopedic conditions, but do they represent medical problems that can and should be corrected?
The term concussion conjures up the image of a child knocked unconscious while playing sports. But concussions can happen with any head injury, often without any loss of consciousness.
Sometimes kids lose fluids and salts through fever, diarrhea, vomiting, or long periods of exercise with excessive sweating. Here are some tips on preventing or treating dehydration.
- Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
Developmental dysplasia of the hip, a deformity that can occur before, during, or weeks after birth, can cause hip dislocation and/or an abnormal walk.
- Ear Injuries
Ear injuries not only can affect a child's hearing, but sense of balance, too. That's because our ears also help keep us steady on our feet.
- Exercise-Induced Asthma
Many kids with asthma have symptoms when they exercise. But with careful management, they usually can do anything their peers can do.
- Eye Injuries
You can treat many minor eye irritations by flushing the eye, but more serious injuries require medical attention.
- First Aid: Broken Bones
A broken bone requires emergency medical care. Here's what to do if you think your child just broke a bone.
- First Aid: Cuts
Most cuts can be safely treated at home. But deeper cuts - or any wounds that won't stop bleeding - need emergency medical treatment.
- First Aid: Dehydration
Kids can become dehydrated when their bodies lose very large amounts of fluids. It's important to replenish fluid losses as quickly as possible.
- First Aid: Dislocations
A dislocation happens when two connected bones are separated. These injuries require emergency medical care to avoid further damage.
- First Aid: Eye Injuries
Some eye injuries can be treated at home, while others require a visit to the doctor or emergency room. Find out what to do if your child has eye pain.
- First Aid: Falls
Although most result in mild bumps and bruises, some falls can cause serious injuries that need medical attention.
- First Aid: Head Injuries
Learn about the different types of head injuries, and find out what to do if your child is seriously injuried.
- First Aid: Heat Illness
In hot weather, a child's internal temperature can rise and cause heat exhaustion, which can progress to heatstroke if not treated quickly.
- First Aid: Nosebleeds
Although they can be serious, nosebleeds are common in children ages 3 to 10 years and most stop on their own.
- First Aid: Strains and Sprains
Here's what to do if you think your child has pulled or torn a muscle, ligament or tendon.
- First Aid: Teeth Injuries
If your child loses a baby tooth, there's no need to replace it. But if a permanent tooth is dislodged, it's a dental emergency. Here's what to do.
- Frequently Asked Questions About Casts
Getting a cast often comes with plenty of questions. Read on for answers to some frequent inquiries many parents - and kids - may have about casts.
- Growing Pains
Does your child sometimes wake up crying in the middle of the night complaining of throbbing leg pain? It could be growing pains.
- Growth Plate Injuries
Injuries to growth plates, which produce new bone tissue and determine the final length and shape of bones in adulthood, must be treated so that bones heal properly.
- Head Injuries
Head injuries fall into two categories: external and internal. Learn more about both kinds, how to prevent them, and what to do if your child is injured.
- Heat Illness
Active kids can be at risk for heat illness, which can result in heat cramps, heat exhaustion, or heatstroke. Learn how to prevent and treat heat illness.
- How Long Will It Take to Heal a Broken Bone?
Find out what the experts have to say.
- In-toeing & Out-toeing in Toddlers
It can be upsetting to see your child develop an abnormal gait, but for most toddlers with in-toeing or out-toeing, it's usually nothing to worry about.
- Joint Aspiration (Arthrocentesis)
A joint aspiration (arthrocentesis) involves withdrawing (aspirating) a sample of fluid from a joint using a needle and syringe.
- Jumper's Knee (Patellar Tendonitis)
Jumper's knee is an inflammation or injury of the patellar tendon. Although it can seem minor, it's actually a serious condition that can get worse over time and ultimately require surgery if not treated.
- Knee Injuries
Knee injuries are common among young athletes. Learn about causes, treatments, and prevention.
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Cervical Spine
A cervical spine MRI can help evaluate various symptoms and also help diagnose tumors, bleeding, swelling, infections, or inflammatory conditions in the vertebrae or surrounding tissues.
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Lumbar Spine
A lumbar spine MRI is a painless test that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed pictures of the bones, disks, and other structures in the lower back.
- Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injuries
MCL injuries - which are common in active and athletic kids - happen when excessive pressure is put on the knee joint, resulting in a torn ligament.
A nosebleed can be scary, but it's rarely cause for alarm. Here's how to handle one at home.
- Osgood-Schlatter Disease
Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is one of the most common causes of knee pain in adolescents. It's really not a disease, but an overuse injury.
- Panner's Disease
Panner's disease is a rare but painful bone condition linked to overuse of the elbow. Even though recovery can be slow, the condition usually doesn't cause any long-term problems.
- Preventing Children's Sports Injuries
Participation in sports can teach kids sportsmanship and discipline. But sports also carry the potential for injury. Here's how to protect your kids.
- Sever's Disease
Sever's disease, a common heel injury in kids, is due to inflammation (swelling) of the growth plate in the heel. While painful, it's only temporary and has no long-term effects.
- Sports, Exercise, and Diabetes
Diabetes doesn't have to get in the way of exercise and sports competition. Like anyone else, kids with diabetes are healthier if they get plenty of exercise.
- Tooth Injuries
A permanent tooth can often be saved if prompt action is taken and the tooth is handled carefully.
Torticollis is a common condition that causes a stiff neck or neck pain that makes it difficult for kids to turn their heads.
- X-Ray Exam: Ankle
An ankle X-ray can help find the cause of symptoms such as pain, tenderness, and swelling, or deformity of the ankle joint. It can also detect broken bones or a dislocated joint.
- X-Ray Exam: Bone Age Study
A bone age study can help evaluate how a child's skeleton is maturing, which can help doctors diagnose conditions that delay or accelerate growth.
- X-Ray Exam: Cervical Spine
This X-ray can, among other things, help find the cause of neck, shoulder, upper back, or arm pain. It's commonly done after someone has been in an automobile or other accident.
- X-Ray Exam: Elbow
An elbow X-ray can help find the cause of symptoms such as pain, tenderness, swelling, or a deformity. It can also help to detect broken bones or a dislocated joint.
- X-Ray Exam: Femur (Upper Leg)
A femur X-ray can help find the cause of symptoms such as pain, limp, tenderness, swelling, or deformity of the upper leg. It can detect a broken bone, and after a broken bone has been set, it can help determine whether the bone is in alignment.
- X-Ray Exam: Finger
Doctors may order a finger X-ray to find the cause of symptoms such as pain, tenderness, or swelling, or to detect broken bones or dislocated joints.
- X-Ray Exam: Foot
A foot X-ray can help find the cause pain, tenderness, swelling, or deformities. It also can detect broken bones or dislocated joints.
- X-Ray Exam: Hand
A hand X-ray can help find the cause of pain, tenderness, swelling, and deformity. It also can detect broken bones or dislocated joints.
- X-Ray Exam: Hip
A hip X-ray can help find the cause of symptoms such as limping, pain, tenderness, swelling, or deformity in the hip area. It can detect broken bones or a dislocated joint.
- X-Ray Exam: Humerus (Upper Arm)
A humerus X-ray can help find the cause of symptoms such as pain, tenderness, swelling, or deformity of the upper arm. It can detect a broken bone, and after the bone has been set, help determine whether it has healed properly.
- X-Ray Exam: Knee
A knee X-ray can help find the causes of pain, tenderness, swelling, or deformity of the knee, and detect broken bones or a dislocated joint.
- X-Ray Exam: Leg Length
Some kids may have significant differences in the length of their legs, a condition known as leg length discrepancy. This X-ray exam can help doctors determine the exact difference in leg length so they can decide on a treatment.
- X-Ray Exam: Lower Leg (Tibia and Fibula)
An X-ray of the tibia and fibula can help find the cause of pain, tenderness, swelling, or deformity of the lower leg. It can detect broken bones, and after a broken bone has been set, help determine if it has healed properly.
- X-Ray Exam: Pelvis
A pelvis X-ray can help find the cause pain, swelling, or deformity in the pelvic, hip, or upper leg regions, and can detect broken bones.
- X-Ray Exam: Wrist
A wrist X-ray is a safe and painless test that can help find the cause of pain, tenderness, swelling, or show deformities of the wrist joint. It can also detect broken bones or dislocated joints.
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