- About First Aid Guides
Whether it's a medical emergency or minor injury, we've got the first-aid info you need -- fast. Bookmark or print these 1-page guides for easy access.
- Emergency Contact Sheet
The best time to prepare for an emergency is before it happens. Fill out this sheet, and post it near each phone.
- First Aid: Allergic Reactions
Although most allergic reactions aren't serious, severe reactions can be life-threatening and can require immediate medical attention.
- First Aid: Animal Bites
Animal bites and scratches that break the skin can cause infection. Rarely, animal bites can cause rabies, a dangerous, life-threatening disease.
- First Aid: Asthma Flare-Ups
During a flare-up or attack, it's hard to breathe. While some flare-ups are mild, others can be life threatening, so it's important to deal with them right away.
- First Aid: Broken Bones
A broken bone requires emergency medical care. Here's what to do if you think your child just broke a bone.
- First Aid: Burns
Scald burns from hot water and other liquids are the most common type of burn young kids get. Here's what to do if your child is burned.
- First Aid: Chest Pains
Chest pain can be caused by many things, but it is rarely a sign of serious heart trouble in children. Here's what to do about it.
- First Aid: Chickenpox
Chickenpox (varicella) has become less common in the U.S. due to the chickenpox vaccine, but it can easily spread from one person to another.
- First Aid: Choking
Choking can be a life-threatening emergency. Follow these steps if your child is choking.
- First Aid: Common Cold
Kids can get up to eight colds a year - or more. The common cold sends more kids to the doctor than any other illness.
- First Aid: Constipation
Constipation is when a child has fewer bowel movements than usual. Prevent or ease constipation with the three Fs: fluid, fiber, and fitness.
- First Aid: Coughing
Coughing is a healthy reflex that helps clear the airways. A severe or lingering cough requires medical treatment, but many coughs are caused by viruses that just need to run their course.
- First Aid: Croup
Croup is a viral infection that causes a telltake "barking" cough. Find out what to do if your child has croup and when to call the doctor.
- First Aid: Cuts
Most cuts can be safely treated at home. But deeper cuts - or any wounds that won't stop bleeding - need emergency medical treatment.
- First Aid: Dehydration
Kids can become dehydrated when their bodies lose very large amounts of fluids. It's important to replenish fluid losses as quickly as possible.
- First Aid: Diaper Rash
Diaper rash is a common skin condition in babies. In most cases, the condition clears up quickly with a few simple changes to the diapering routine.
- First Aid: Diarrhea
Diarrhea is common and usually not a sign of something serious. Find out what to do if your child has diarrhea.
- First Aid: Dislocations
A dislocation happens when two connected bones are separated. These injuries require emergency medical care to avoid further damage.
- First Aid: Earaches
An earache requires a visit to the doctor's office. Here's what to do if your child complains of ear pain.
- First Aid: Eye Injuries
Some eye injuries can be treated at home, while others require a visit to the doctor or emergency room. Find out what to do if your child has eye pain.
- First Aid: Fainting
Fainting is a loss of consciousness that can be caused by many things. Here's what to do if your child faints or is about to faint.
- First Aid: Falls
Although most result in mild bumps and bruises, some falls can cause serious injuries that need medical attention.
- First Aid: Febrile Seizures
These seizures sometimes happen in young children who have fevers. Although they can be scary, febrile seizures aren't usually a sign of something serious.
- First Aid: Fever
Fevers are usually not cause for alarm - they're the body's way of fighting infection. Here's what to do if your child has a fever.
- First Aid: Frostbite
Exposure to extreme cold can cause frostbite, a serious condition that requires emergency care. Here's what to do if your child has frostbite.
- First Aid: Head Injuries
Learn about the different types of head injuries, and find out what to do if your child is seriously injuried.
- First Aid: Head Lice
Lice commonly spread from kid to kid. They're not dangerous - but they are creepy and annoying. Here's what to do about them.
- First Aid: Headaches
Headaches are rarely a sign of something serious. Here's what to do if your child has a headache.
- First Aid: Heat Illness
In hot weather, a child's internal temperature can rise and cause heat exhaustion, which can progress to heatstroke if not treated quickly.
- First Aid: Insect Stings and Bites
Being stung by a bug is often just irritating and doesn't require medical treatment. But kids who are highly allergic to stings may need emergency medical care.
- First Aid: Nosebleeds
Although they can be serious, nosebleeds are common in children ages 3 to 10 years and most stop on their own.
- First Aid: Pinkeye
Pinkeye is an inflammation of the white part of the eye and the inner eyelids. Although some kinds of pinkeye go away on their own, others require treatment.
- First Aid: Poison Ivy/Oak/Sumac
Mild rashes from poison ivy, oak, and sumac plants can be treated at home. But severe and widespread rashes require medical treatment.
- First Aid: Poisoning
If you think that your child has taken a poison and he or she is not alert, call 911. Otherwise, contact your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222.
- First Aid: Rashes
Sometimes rashes are only a minor annoyance. Other times, they are more serious and require medical treatment. Here's what to do if your child has a rash.
- First Aid: Ringworm
Ringworm is a common fungal infection of the skin. Here's what to do if your child has ringworm.
- First Aid: Seizures
Although seizures can be frightening, usually they last only a few minutes, stop on their own, and are almost never life threatening.
- First Aid: Skin Infections
Skin infections are common during childhood. Here's what to do if your child has a skin infection.
- First Aid: Sore Throat
Sore throats are usually caused by viruses. Here's what to do if your child has a sore throat.
- First Aid: Spider Bites
Most spider bites cause mild reactions, but some can cause serious illness or allergic reactions. Here's what to do if you think your child was bitten by a spider.
- First Aid: Splinters
Taking a splinter out as soon as you spot it helps prevent infection and makes removal easier.
- First Aid: Stiff Neck
A stiff neck is usually nothing to worry about. In rare cases, it can be a sign of something serious. Here's what to do about a stiff neck.
- First Aid: Stomachaches
Stomachaches are common in childhood, and often caused by gas, constipation or viruses. Find out when a stomachache requires a trip to the doctor.
- First Aid: Strains and Sprains
Here's what to do if you think your child has pulled or torn a muscle, ligament or tendon.
- First Aid: Sunburn
Mild sunburn that causes redness or irritation can be treated at home, but severe sunburn requires medical attention.
- First Aid: Teeth Injuries
If your child loses a baby tooth, there's no need to replace it. But if a permanent tooth is dislodged, it's a dental emergency. Here's what to do.
- First Aid: The Flu
Telltale signs of the flu include a sore throat, body aches and fever. Here's what to do if your child has the flu.
- First Aid: Tick Bites
While most tick bites are harmless and don't require medical treatment, some ticks do carry harmful germs. Find out what to do if your child is bitten by a tick.
- First Aid: Urination Pain
When it hurts to pee, a urinary tract infection (UTI)is usually to blame. But, there are other causes. Here's what to do about it.
- First Aid: Vomiting
Vomiting can be caused by many things, most commonly gastroenteritis (the "stomach flu"). Here's what to do when your child throws up.
- First Aid: Warts
Warts are common skin infections. They generally don't cause any serious problems, so usually don't need to be removed.
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