Diseases & Conditions > Cancer & Tumors

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  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
    ALL is the most common type of leukemia, affecting nearly 75% of kids who have this cancer of the blood cells. With treatment, most recover.
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
    Among kids with leukemia, 20% have this form of the blood cancer. With treatment, most recover.
  • Brain and Nervous System Cancers
    These cancers are the second most common type of cancer in children. When discovered early, they are usually treatable.
  • Brain Tumors
    Brain tumors are the second most common group of childhood cancers. Treatment requires a very specialized plan involving a team of medical specialists.
  • Cancer Center
    From treatments and prevention to coping with the emotional aspects of cancer, the Cancer Center provides comprehensive information that parents need.
  • Chemotherapy
    Chemotherapy medications are used to treat cancer throughout the body by killing actively dividing cells. Learn more about chemo.
  • Childhood Cancer
    Different kinds of childhood cancer have different signs, symptoms, treatments, and outcomes. But today, up to 70% of all children with cancer can be cured.
  • Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
    While this type of blood cancer is more common in adults, it affects children, too. Thanks to advances in therapy, most kids with CML can be cured.
  • Effects of Cancer Treatment on Fertility
    While some cancer treatments have little to no effect on reproductive health, others are more likely cause temporary or permanent infertility.
  • Ewing Sarcoma
    This type of cancer mainly affects adolescents and usually develops in the arms, legs, ribs, spinal column, and pelvis. With early diagnosis and treatment, many kids with Ewing sarcoma have a good chance of recovery.
  • Germ Cell Tumors
    Germ cell tumors, which can be cancerous or noncancerous, occur when cells in a developing fetus develop abnormally.
  • Hodgkin Lymphoma
    Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system.
  • Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML)
    Learn about this type of blood cancer that usually affects kids under 2 years old.
  • Leukemia
    Leukemia refers to cancers of the white blood cells (also called leukocytes or WBCs). With the proper treatment, the outlook for kids who are diagnosed with leukemia is quite good.
  • Liver Tumors
    Treatment for these abnormal growths (which can be cancerous or noncancerous) may involve surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation.
  • Lymphoma
    Although cancers that originate in the body's lymphatic tissues are the third most common type of cancer in children, most recover from lymphoma.
  • Melanoma
    Melanoma is different from other skin cancers because it can spread if it's not caught early. Find out how to lower your family's risk of getting melanoma and how doctors treat it.
  • Neuroblastoma
    Learn about neuroblastoma, a rare type of childhood cancer that develops in infants and young children.
  • Neurocutaneous Syndromes
    Neurocutaneous syndromes are genetic disorders that lead to tumor growth in various parts of the body. The focus of treatment is to prevent or minimize complications and maximize the child's strengths.
  • Neurofibromatosis
    Neurofibromatosis (NF) can cause tumors to grow on nerve tissue, producing skin and bone abnormalities. Learn more about NF, including how it's diagnosed and treated.
  • Neutropenia
    Certain types of cancer, or cancer treatment, can weaken the immune system, requiring a child to stay home to avoid exposure to germs. Here are ways to help your child make the best of being at home.
  • Osteosarcoma
    Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer. Boys are more likely to have osteosarcoma than girls, and most cases of osteosarcoma involve the knee.
  • Radiation Therapy
    Radiation therapy, also called radiotherapy, irradiation, or X-ray therapy, is one of the most common forms of cancer treatment.
  • Retinoblastoma
    Retinoblastoma is a childhood cancer that affects the retina, the area of the eye responsible for sensing light and sending nerve signals to the brain.
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS)
    Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous tumor that shows up in the body's soft tissues. With early diagnosis and timely treatment, most kids make a full recovery.
  • Side Effects of Chemotherapy and Radiation
    Side effects of cancer treatment can include fatigue or flu-like symptoms, hair loss, and blood clotting problems. After treatment ends, most side effects gradually go away.
  • Stem Cell Transplants
    Stem cells help rebuild a weakened immune system. Stem cell transplants are effective treatments for a wide range of diseases, including cancer.
 

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