Diseases & Conditions > Bones & Muscles

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  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries
    ACL injuries - which are common in active and athletic kids - happen when excessive pressure is put on the knee joint, resulting in a torn ligament.
  • Blount Disease
    Blount disease is a growth disorder that causes the bones of the lower leg to curve outward, making someone appear bowlegged.
  • Broken Collarbone (Clavicle Fracture)
    Learn about broken collarbones (or clavicle fractures), a common sports injury in kids, including how to help prevent them.
  • Common Childhood Orthopedic Conditions
    Flatfeet, toe walking, pigeon toes, bowlegs, and knock-knees. Lots of kids have these common orthopedic conditions, but are they medical problems that can and should be corrected?
  • Costochondritis
    This type of chest pain may seem scary at first, but it's usually nothing to worry about. Most kids begin to feel better on their own after a few days.
  • Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
    Babies are born with this hip deformity or develop it soon after birth. With early treatent, kids can avoid long-term hip problems.
  • Dwarfism
    Dwarfism is a condition that is characterized by short stature. Many of the possible complications of dwarfism are treatable, so that people of short stature can lead healthy, active lives.
  • Fibromyalgia
    The chronic condition fibromyalgia causes widespread pain in the muscles, joints, and other areas of the body. Lifestyle changes and other strategies can help kids who have it feel better.
  • Frequently Asked Questions About Casts
    Getting a cast often comes with plenty of questions. Read on for answers to some frequent inquiries many parents - and kids - may have about casts.
  • Growth Plate Injuries
    Injuries to growth plates, which produce new bone tissue and determine the final length and shape of bones in adulthood, must be treated so that bones heal properly.
  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome
    Guillain-Barré syndrome is very rare. It can be frightening because it often causes some type of paralysis. Luckily, most people who get GBS recover.
  • In-toeing & Out-toeing in Toddlers
    What is in-toeing and how will it affect your child? Find out what the experts have to say.
  • Infant Torticollis
    Babies with this condition have trouble turning their heads, due to muscle tightness. Simple stretching exercises can help make the problem go away.
  • Jumper's Knee (Patellar Tendonitis)
    Jumper's knee is an inflammation or injury of the patellar tendon. Although it can seem minor, it's actually a serious condition that can get worse over time and ultimately require surgery if not treated.
  • Knee Injuries
    Knee injuries are common among young athletes. Learn about causes, treatments, and prevention.
  • Kyphosis
    Everyone's spine is slightly rounded forward at a gentle angle. If this angle is too pronounced, more than 50 degrees or so, it's called kyphosis, also known as roundback or hunchback.
  • Marfan Syndrome
    Marfan syndrome is a progressive genetic disorder that affects the body's connective tissue. Even though the disease has no cure, doctors can successfully treat just about all of its symptoms.
  • Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injuries
    MCL injuries - which are common in active and athletic kids - happen when excessive pressure is put on the knee joint, resulting in a torn ligament.
  • Muscular Dystrophy
    There's no cure for muscular dystrophy (MD), a genetic disorder that gradually weakens muscles, but there are ways to improve muscle and joint function and slow deterioration so that kids with MD can stay as active as possible.
  • Nursemaid's Elbow
    A quick tug of a toddler's arm can result in a partial dislocation of an elbow ligament, causing an injury known as nursemaid's elbow.
  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease
    Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is one of the most common causes of knee pain in adolescents. It's really not a disease, but an overuse injury.
  • Osteomyelitis
    Osteomyelitis is a bone infection caused by germs entering the body's tissues through an open wound. The easiest way to prevent it is to practice good hygiene.
  • Panner's Disease
    Panner's disease is a rare but painful bone condition linked to overuse of the elbow. Even though recovery can be slow, the condition usually doesn't cause any long-term problems.
  • Scoliosis
    Everyone's spine curves, but some kids have scoliosis, which causes the spine to curve too much. Most cases don't require treatment, but even when they do, kids can usually resume an active life after treatment.
  • Scoliosis: Teens Talk (Video)
    Two teens talk about what it's like to have scoliosis, and how treatment has helped them look and feel better.
  • Sever's Disease
    Sever's disease, a common heel injury in kids, is due to inflammation (swelling) of the growth plate in the heel. While painful, it's only temporary and has no long-term effects.
  • Should I Worry About the Way My Son Walks?
    Find out what the experts have to say.
  • Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)
    Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) refers to a shift at the upper part of the thighbone, or femur, that results in a weakened hip joint. Fortunately, when caught early, most cases of SCFE can be treated successfully.
  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)
    Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) makes it difficult for a child to move around, walk, or breathe. Although there is no cure, therapy and other treatments help improve a child's skills.
  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Steven's Story (Video)
    A teen athlete talks about why he won't let his condition take him out of the game.
  • Torticollis
    Torticollis is a common condition that causes a stiff neck or neck pain that makes it difficult for kids to turn their heads.
  • What Is Pompe Disease?
    Find out what the experts have to say.
  • What's a Halo?
    Much like a fiberglass cast holds a broken arm or leg in place, a "halo" with vest holds a child's head and neck in place after a spinal injury so that spinal bones can heal.
  • When Your Child Needs a Cast
    Casts keep bones and other tissues in place while they heal. Here's what to expect, and how to care for casts.

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